Functions and Duties of the Health Officer
5. When a Principal Epidemic Disease or a Notifiable Disease occurs in an area to which Health Officer is assigned, he shall perform the following duties:-
(a) inspection of the infected house, food processing industry, factory, place of work, markets and shops, other necessary houses. premises, location, buildings and causing sanitation and other necessary measures to he carried out;
(b) causing disinfection to he carried out in the locations mentioned in sub-section (a) and of articles, clothes. utensils and other household goods in such locations;
(c) causing disinfection to be carried out in trains, motor vehicles, aircrafts, vessels and other vehicles;
(d) causing chlorination of wells and ponds to be carried out;
(e) causing destruction of the vector;
(f) causing necessary measures to be carried out against transmission of disease from Principal Epidemic Disease infected corpse;
(g) submitting and reporting the situation concerning the Principal Epidemic Disease to the relevant authorized body or person to enable the issue of the restrictive or prohibitive order under section 14;
(h) directing the ban or destruction of food which are unfit for human consumption;
(i) directing the destruction of or ban on the sale of food causing or suspected of causing the spread of a Principal Epidemic Disease or the closure of the factory, mill, place of work, market or shop producing or selling such food;
(j) inspection of water supply works and laundry services and directing closure of such places if proved to be a source of transmission.
6. The Health Officer may assign the duties which he is to perform or which he is authorized to perform to a Health Personnel.
7. The Health Officer shall obtain the cooperation of suitable persons from the Government departments and other organizations of the relevant area in performing duties mentioned in section 5.
8. For prevention of the outbreak of Communicable Disease and effective control of Communicable Disease when it occurs, the public shall, under the supervision an guidance of the Health Officer of the relevant area, undertake the responsibility carrying out the following environmental sanitation measures:
(a) in-door, out-door sanitation or inside the fence, outside the fence sanitation;
(b) well, ponds and drainage sanitation;
(c) proper disposal of refuse and destruction there of by fire:
(d) construction and use of sanitary latrines;
(e) other necessary environmenta1 sanitation measures.
Reporting Communicable Disease
9. The head of the household or any member of the household shall report immediately to the nearest health department or hospital when any of the following events occurs:-
(a) rat fall
(b) outbreak of a Principal Epidemic Disease;
(c) outbreak of a Notifiable Disease.
10. Traditional medicine practitioners, health assistants and doctors shall report immediately to the nearest health department or hospital if a case of Principal Epidemic Disease or Notifiable Disease if found during practice.
Measures taken in respect of an outbreak of
Principal Epidemic Disease
11. In order to prevent and control the spread of a Principal Epidemic Disease, the Health Officer may undertake the following measures:-
(a) investigation of a patient or any other person required:
(b) medical examination;
(c) causing laboratory investigation of stool, urine, sputum and blood samples to he carried out:
(d) causing investigation by injection to he carried out;
(e) carrying out other necessary investigations.